Sustainable Development Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities


Sustainable Development Goal 11:

 Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

More than half of the world’s population now live in urban areas. By 2050, that figure will have risen to 6.5 billion people – two-thirds of all humanity. Sustainable development cannot be achieved without significantly transforming the way we build and manage our urban spaces.

The rapid growth of cities in the developing world, coupled with increasing rural to urban migration, has led to a boom in mega-cities. In 1990, there were ten mega-cities with 10 million inhabitants or more. In 2014, there are 28 mega-cities, home to a total 453 million people.

Extreme poverty is often concentrated in urban spaces, and national and city governments struggle to accommodate the rising population in these areas. Making cities safe and sustainable means ensuring access to safe and affordable housing, and upgrading slum settlements. It also involves investment in public transport, creating green public spaces, and improving urban planning and management in a way that is both participatory and inclusive.

The following datasets are available through AURIN which support the evaluation of our progress in achieving Sustainable Cities and Communities. You can also view all of the datasets which relate to this goal here

SA2 Estimated Resident Population 2001 – 2016 for Australia

Estimated Resident Population (ERP) is the official measure of the Australian population. ERP for sub-state regions (including SA2s and LGAs) is published annually, with a reference date of 30 June. ERP is the official measure of the Australian population, based on the concept of usual residence. It refers to all people, regardless of nationality, citizenship or legal status, who usually live in Australia, with the exception of foreign diplomatic personnel and their families. Note, years 2012-2016 describe preliminary rebased (PR) data. For more information about PR refer to the dataset’s Explanatory Notes.This dataset has been compiled using Census data, mathematical models and a range of indicator data. Current indicators include building approvals, Medicare enrolments (provided by the Department of Human Services) and electoral enrolments (provided by the Australian Electoral Commission).

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MB Mesh Block 2016 Census for Australia

This dataset contains counts of the total usual resident population and total dwelling count from the 2016 Census of Population and Housing for Mesh Blocks.

Data is current for Census Night 9 August 2016 and describes geographic Australia; including Norfolk Island, the Territory of Christmas Island and the Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands, but does not include any other external Territory. Due to the small size of Mesh Blocks, data is confidentialised and only describes basic dwelling counts and number of persons usually resident.

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