Lesson 1: Liveability and Health
Each year, cities around the world are ranked by The Economist newspaper which uses a number of social, environmental and economic factors to measure liveability. For the last seven years (until 2018), Melbourne was considered the most liveable city in the world. Melbourne scored maximum points in healthcare, education and infrastructure and has improved in its culture and environment. In 2018, Vienna topped the liveability ranking in front of Melbourne.
PART ONE: VISUALISING HEALTH
Opening the GTAV Map
- Go to the GTAV – AURIN map website: https://gtav.aurin.org.au/
- Click I agree to the disclaimer
Adding a map layer
- On the left side, click on the blue Add data button
- Click on the Year 7 Place and Liveability heading and click on the APMRC – Metro ARIA (SA1) 2014.
- Click Add to the Map. See screenshot below.
- Zoom into Melbourne so it fills the screen. The information on this map shows the ease or difficulty people face accessing health services and is based on the measurement of road distances people travel to reach health services such as hospitals.
1) Use the map to complete the following:
a) Look at the key/legend to determine what the colours mean. What colour is used for very high accessibility? What colour is used for limited accessibility?
b. Fill in the gaps to describe the pattern of where the areas with very high accessibility to health care have are located.
Areas with very high access to healthcare are clustered around ___________ Melbourne within _______ km of the CBD. This includes suburbs such as __________, ______________ and _____________ in the inner areas of Melbourne. These areas also extend out of this area, to suburbs in the _________________ such as Dandenong, and Ringwood to the __________ of the CBD.
Words to use:
Central, Kew, Richmond, Footscray, south-east, east, 10km
c. Using the structure in the question above, describe where the areas with very low accessibility to health care have are located.
The following map shows the location of major public hospitals in Melbourne (Source: http://www.health.vic.gov.au/maps/downloads/mhs/all/downpdf.pdf)
2) Use the map above to answer the following questions:
a. How many hospitals are located within the CBD? Hint – look at the box labelled X which shows hospitals in central Melbourne.
b. According to the map, do you think the accessibility to healthcare is linked to the location of hospitals?
c. Name two hospitals that are located within areas of very high care accessibility to support your answer
PART TWO: ANALYSING HEALTH
In the GTAV Map, zoom into the suburb of Chelsea, located by the bay in south-east Melbourne
3) Answer the following questions:
a. Which two levels of accessibility to health care are shown in this suburb?
b. If you lived in Chelsea, how far would it be to get to Frankston hospital as the crow flies? Using the measuring tool measure the distance from Chelsea train station to Frankston hospital, by clicking on one location and then the other. (See screenshot below)
c. Why is access to health an important part of liveability?
d. How far is it as the crow flies from your house to the nearest hospital?
e. Write a letter to the Health Minister for Victoria to persuade them which two areas should get new hospitals in Melbourne. Your letter should include the following points:
i. In which suburbs would you put these new hospitals and why.
ii. For each one, provide the name of the suburb you choose, the current level of accessibility to health care and the distance to the nearest hospital. For this last point, use Google Maps and calculate the driving distance from that suburb to the nearest hospital.